Council of Europe


The Council of Europe (CoE), having its official residence in Strasbourg (France), was established in 1949 and is the dean of age among the political organizations on the continent:

  • currently includes 47 Member States,  
  • has granted observer status to 5 countries (the Holy See, the United States, Canada, Japan and Mexico),
  • is a distinct organization from the 27-nation European Union, but no country has ever joined the EU without first belonging to the Council of Europe.

The aim of the Council of Europe consists in creating a common democratic and legal space throughout the European continent, ensuring compliance with the fundamental values: human rights, democracy and the rule of law. These values constitute the foundation of a civilized and tolerant society and are indispensable for European stability, economic growth and social cohesion.

Basing on these important pillars, the Council of Europe has proposed the identification of common solutions for the major problems facing society, such as terrorism, organized crime and corruption, cyber crime, bioethics and cloning, violence against children and women, traffic of human beings. Therefore, the cooperation between the Member States is the only way to solve these problems.

The objectives of the Council of Europe

  • protection of human rights, pluralist democracy and the rule of law,
  • promote awareness and encourage the development of identity and European cultural diversity,
  • identify common solutions to challenges facing the European family,
  • strengthening democratic stability in Europe by supporting political, legislative and constitutional reforms.

The current political mandate of the Council of Europe has been defined at the Summit of Heads of State and Government, held in Warsaw in May 2005.

The Republic of Moldova became a full member of the CoE on 13 July 1995. At present, Moldova is a party to 98 of the Council of Europe, including:

  • The European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  • The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities
  • The European Charter of Local Self-Government
  • The European Social Charter
  • European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • The European Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings.

The main institution within the structure of the Council of Europe, designed to ensure the supremacy of human rights in Europe, the implementation of obligations assumed by the Member States on human rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of man, is the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).

In accordance with Article 34 of the Convention, “The Court may receive applications from any person, non-governmental organization or group of individuals claiming to be the victim of a violation by one of the High Contracting Parties of the rights set forth in the Convention or the protocols thereto. The High Contracting Parties undertake not to hinder in any way the effective exercise of this right”.

With the ratification by the Parliament on 12 September 1997 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the Republic of Moldova guarantees to its citizens the right to appeal to the European Court, in accordance with the Convention.

Also, in accordance with Notice 188 (1995) of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) of 27 June 1995 on the request for accession of the Republic of Moldova to the Council of Europe, Moldova has assumed and achieved a number of obligations and commitments, such as:

  • to sign the European Convention on Human Rights at the time of its accession,
  • to ratify the European Convention on Human Rights and Protocols 1, 2, 4, 7 and 11,
  • to sign and ratify the Protocol 6 to the European Convention on Human Rights concerning the abolition of the death penalty in peacetime,
  • to recognize, waiting the entry into force of the Protocol 11, the individual right of appeal to the European Commission and the mandatory jurisdiction of the European Court (Articles 26-46 of the Convention),
  • to refrain to ratify the Convention on Human Rights of the CIS before the Council of Europe will have clarified the implications of coexistence of this convention with the European Convention on Human Rights, in particular as regards the mechanism of control, moreover, not to ratify this CIS convention without the prior consent of the Council of Europe,
  • to sign and ratify the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment,
  • to sign and ratify, within one year from the date of accession, the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities,
  • to sign and ratify the European Charter of Local Self-Government and to study, for their ratification, the Social Charter of the Council of Europe and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, etc.

In order to honor all commitments and to complete the monitoring process, the Moldovan Parliament adopted on 11 November 2005 the Decision No. 284-XVI on the Calendar of Legislative Actions in accordance with the PACE Resolution 1465 (2005) and the Commission Recommendations for meeting the obligations and commitments of the Member States of the Council of Europe. This program has been entirely achieved.

The Resolution 1572 (2007) of 02.10.2007 on the honoring by Moldova of the commitments and obligations to the CoE contains encouragement for the Moldovan authorities from the PACE to complete the started reforms – condition needed to be met for the closing of monitoring procedure and the launch of post-monitoring dialogue in the foreseeable future.

In the cooperation on the Strasbourg-Chisinau axis, Moldova has benefited from a number of assistance projects from the CoE, including:

  • the Action Plan to support the parliamentary elections in Moldova in 2009,
  • the Action Plan regarding RM: possible contribution of the CoE to the implementation of measures to strengthen confidence in the transnistrian conflict settlement process.

Programmes implemented to date:

  • Eastern Partnership – Council of Europe Facility Project for 2011-2014;
  • The Joint Programme to support the democratic reforms for 2004-2006;
  • Two Joint Programmes for 2006-2009 on enhancing the independence, transparency and efficiency of justice and on combating corruption, money laundering and terrorism financing;
  • Five Joint Programmes for 2008-2009 in the areas of supporting parliamentary elections, media, civil society, promoting the rights of Roma people and supporting independent non-governmental human rights structures;
  • Two Joint Programmes for 2009-2010 regarding the implementation of the Emerald Network in Moldova (within the implementation of the Berne Convention on Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats) and combating torture, ill-treatment and impunity.

Currently, the Republic of Moldova is implementing the following assistance programs between the European Commission and the Council of Europe: Action Plan to support democratic reforms in the Republic of Moldova for 2013-2016 and CoE/EU Programmatic Co-operation Framework (PCF) for the Eastern Partnership Countries (2015-2017).

In cooperation with the Development Bank of the Council of Europe were drawn a number of important projects in various fields: the project on blood transfusion, the social construction of 360 apartments for refugees from Transnistria and for vulnerable populations, renovation and modernization of the Republican Clinical Hospital; the Bank grant for projects aimed to improve the survival, growth and development of children born prematurely.

In 2015 the Republic of Moldova celebrated the 20th anniversary of the accession to the Council of Europe. On this occasion, during the year, in the Republic of Moldova took place a number of events dedicated to this anniversary.