About GUAM

History and concept of GUAM

The creation of the GUAM Consultative Forum in 4 states (Georgia, Ukraine, Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Moldova) took place on October 10, 1997 in Strasbourg, during the Council of Europe Summit, where the Joint Statement of the Four Presidents was adopted. In this document, the Presidents noted the necessity to develop the quadrilateral cooperation format in order to strengthen stability and security in Europe, based on the following principles:

  • respect for sovereignty;
  • territorial integrity;
  • inviolability of state borders;
  • democracy;
  • the rule of law and respect for human rights.

The institutionalization of the Organization took place at the Summit held in Kiev, May 23, 2006 - Organization for Democracy and Economic Development - GUAM (ODDE - GUAM), obtaining status of an international organization.

Chairmanship-in-Office of the GUAM is held according to the principle of rotation, usually on annual basis - from Summit to Summit. In 2017, Georgia held the Chairmanship of GUAM, taken over in 2018 by the Republic of Moldova, which in 2019 will be followed by Ukraine.

Cooperation priorities

  • strengthening and expanding trade and economic relations (GUAM Free Trade Area);
  • intensification of sectoral cooperation;
  • energy security and diversification of energy sources;
  • promoting the development of the GUAM transport corridor;
  • development of transport and infrastructure;
  • solving the frozen conflicts in the GUAM area;
  • the fight against terrorism, organized crime, illicit drug trafficking and other serious crimes;
  • promotion of the GUAM joint tourism product;
  • intensifying cooperation in the GUAM + format (Partners), in particular with the UN, EU, OSCE, Visegrad Group, USA, Japan and other states and organizations.