About GUAM

History and concept of GUAM

The Organization for Democracy and Economic Development – GUAM is an international (interstate) regional organization established by the Republic of Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, and Ukraine at the Kyiv Summit of GUAM on 23 May 2006.

There were three organizational stages in the development of GUAM:

І stage – since the meeting of the Presidents of Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine in Strasbourg on 10 October 1997;

ІІ stage – from the establishing, at the Yalta Summit on 7 June 2001, the Association of GUAM (GUUAM) based on the objectives and principles of the Yalta Charter of GUUAM to its further transformation into a regional organization (Uzbekistan was a participant of the Association of GUUAM in 1999-2005);

ІІІ stage – since the establishing the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development at the Kyiv Summit of GUAM on 23 May 2006.

A conceptual vision of GUAM, primarily based on cooperation between the Member States in creating Euro-Asian Trans-Caucasus transport corridor, following the Baku Summit of GUAM on 18-19 June 2007 was extended to create a common space of integration and security in the GUAM region. Thus, fully engaging social and economic, transport, energy, scientific and technical, humanitarian, legislative and law-enforcement capacities of the Member States, this vision coincides with establishing in the Black Sea – Caspian region a space of civilized partnership based on European standards, criteria and practice, including the principles of four freedoms of movement of goods, services, capital, and labor and persons.

GUAM is not directed against anyone. It reflects an objective trend towards the development of international regional cooperation as one of the modern forms of the globalization and internationalization of the world.

GUAM comes out from that vision that cooperation in the Black Sea and Caspian regions is developing as a non-hierarchic, interlocking and open system, which integrity consists of mutual ties between the existing in this region organizations and structures, including, in particular, GUAM, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), a new EU regional cooperation initiative “Black Sea Synergy” as well as such programs as TRACECA and INOGATE, Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI), Black Sea Forum for Partnership and Dialogue (BSF), Community of Democratic Choice (CDC), and others. Openness of such a system can reach inter-regional and even transcontinental ties and relations, as they exist in practice between GUAM and the United States, the Vishegrád Four, the Baltic States or Japan. GUAM does not see any problem with a possible duplication of functions of these regional organizations and structures, because it rather strengthens practical cooperation between them and the interested states.

The main purposes of GUAM are:

  • promoting democratic values, ensuring the rule of law, and respect for human rights;
  • ensuring sustainable development;
  • strengthening international and regional security and stability;
  • deepening European integration for the establishment of common security space, and expansion of cooperation in economic and humanitarian spheres;
  • developing social and economic, transport, energy, scientific and technical, and humanitarian potential of the Parties;
  • intensification of political interaction and practical cooperation in the field of mutual interest.

The GUAM Member States are guided by the principles of respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of the states, inviolability of their internationally recognized borders, and non-interference in their internal affairs as well as other universally recognized principles and norms of the international law.

Important principle of GUAM is the decision taking by consensus that makes it possible to take fully into account the interests of every Member State and in contrast to many other international organizations distinct beneficiary GUAM from them.

The main body of Organization is the Council that carries out its work at four levels:

  • the Heads of State (at least once a year);
  • the Ministers for Foreign Affairs (at least twice a year);
  • the National Coordinators (at least four times per year);
  • the Permanent Representatives (on a constant basis following their accreditation to the GUAM Secretariat).

Till now, there were 10 meetings of the Council of Heads of State (CHS), 21 meetings of the Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs (CMFA), and 33 meetings of the Council of National Coordinators (CNC). Within the GUAM Summit in Baku on 18-19 June 2007, there were the 2nd CHS meeting since the creation of the Organization or the 9th since the establishment of GUAM as well as the 3rd (20th) CMFA meeting and the 6th (31st) CNC meeting.

On 10 October 2007, the Jubilee Summit held in Vilnius to celebrate the 10th anniversary of GUAM. Recently, the 4th CMFA meeting took place traditionally in New York on 27 September 2007 within the framework of the 62nd session of the UN General Assembly, and the 7th and 8th CNC meetings held, respectively, on 20-21 September 2007 in Baku and on 16 November 2007 in Kyiv.

The GUAM Secretariat in Kyiv is a supporting body of the Council, which was accredited in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine on 21 May 2007 and is temporarily located in the Kyiv Institute of International Relations. The first Secretary General of GUAM, Ambassador Valeri Chechelashvili (Georgia), started to execute his duties from 1 June 2007 for the term of four years.

The GUAM Headquarters is expected to be operational from the beginning of 2008.

Till now, the GUAM Information Office in Kyiv established upon the Temporary Provision on Information Office of GUUAM in Kyiv of 20 July 2002 (ratified by the Law of Ukraine of 15 May 2003 N795-IV) continues its activity.

There are eight branch working groups in GUAM – on economy and trade; on energy; on transport; on culture, science and education; on tourism; on combating terrorism, organized crime and drug trafficking; on information technologies; on civil emergency. Some of them have their own sub-groups. The Member States continue to consider the issue on establishing the Working Group on Military-Political Cooperation. The working groups, being guided by the Strategy of Developing GUAM Sectoral Cooperation, conduct their activity on the basis of the Provision on Branch Working Group of 25 September 2006 and the Provision on Country-Coordinator of Branch Working Group of 4 December 2006.

Other mechanisms of political interaction and sectoral cooperation relates, first of all, to the GUAM Member States’ interaction within other international organizations and their cooperation under the appropriate agreements, for example, such as the Convention between the Participating States of GUUAM on Mutual Assistance in Consular Matters of 7 July 2001 or the Protocol on Cooperation between the Border Guard Authorities of the GUUAM Participating States of 4 July 2003.

Two separate projects are implemented under the GUAM – USA Framework Program. They are, namely, the GUAM Virtual Center on Combating Terrorism, Organized Crime, Drug Trafficking and Other Dangerous Types of Crime (Virtual Law Enforcement Center – VLEC), to which the Interstate Information-Analytical System (ISIAS) is integrated, and the GUAM Project on Trade and Transport Facilitation (TTF).

Beyond the frames of the Organization there are the GUAM Parliamentary Assembly (established in September 2004) and its Committees on Political and Legal Issues, on Science, Culture and Education, and on Trade and Economic Issues; the GUUAM Women Cooperation Forum (established in September 2001); the International Union of Associations of Citizens “Youth Forum of GUAM Countries” (associated in November 2006); the International Public Organization “International Foundation of Developing GUAM” (initiated in September 2007); the GUAM Business Council (established in July 2002) and the GUAM Economic Forum (convened in November 2004).

During 1997-2007, more than 100 meetings of the working bodies and other events were organized within GUAM.

The contractual legal basis of the Organization constitutes the Charter and the Kyiv Declaration on establishing the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development – GUAM of 23 May 2006, the Chisinau Declaration “In the Name of Democracy, Stability and Development” of 22 April 2005, the Baku Declaration “GUAM: Bringing Continents Together”, other agreements and GUAM documents.

The GUAM Charter is temporary used since the date of its signature on 23 May 2006 in accordance with Article 19 of the GUAM Charter as well as Article 25 of 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (International Agreements). The GUAM Charter was ratified on 2 July 2006 by Georgia and on 29 December 2006 by the Azerbaijan Republic. The draft law of Ukraine on ratification of the GUAM Charter was presented to the Verkhovna Rada by the President of Ukraine on 2 August 2006 (reg. nr. 0034). The appropriate draft law is under the consideration of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova.

The presidency in GUAM is carrying out on a rotating basis, as usual, annually – “from summit to summit”.

Since May 2006, the first presidency in the Organization was carried out by Ukraine. In September 2006, the President of Ukraine approved the Program of Ukraine’s Presidency in GUAM during 2006-2007, and on 19 January 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted the Action Plan to implement the Program, to the fulfilment of which more than 30 ministries and other authorities were involved.

The major result of the fulfilment of the Program was the completion of the tasks related to the transformation of the GUAM Association into a full-fledged international regional organization with its permanently functional Secretariat in Kyiv.

At the Second GUAM Summit in Baku on 18-19 June 2007 the Presidency was transmitted to the Azerbaijan Republic. The Council adopted the Program of Presidency of the Azerbaijan Republic for 2007-2008 that determines the appropriate tasks to develop further cooperation and other activities of GUAM in accordance with the provisions of the Baku Declaration “GUAM: Bringing Continents Together” and the Strategy of Developing GUAM Sectoral Cooperation.

10 years of the existence, GUAM confirmed its viability. The Jubilee Summit of GUAM held in Vilnius on 10 October 2007 reconfirmed this. The leaders of the Member States expressed in the Statement of the GUAM Vilnius Summit their proud “that being a natural and voluntary association of like-minded states, GUAM has successfully passed through various tests and proved its strong viability and practical relevance. The effectiveness of GUAM is proved by the growing trade turnover of its Member States. Throughout 10 years our Group has transformed into a full-fledged international organization with a distinct identity devoted to democracy and economic development. Our Organization established strong cooperative and mutually beneficiary ties with the partner states and other international bodies in many fields effectively using “GUAM+” format. We remain open for active multi-faceted cooperation based on GUAM principles and values with any European or Asian state or organization”.

The Baku Summit gave a new impulse to the development of GUAM sectoral cooperation. In the Baku Declaration the leaders of the GUAM Members States considered “it necessary to fully engage social and economic, transport, energy, scientific and technical, humanitarian, legislative and law-enforcement capacities of the Member States with a view to create a common space of integration and security in the GUAM region”. In this regard, they adopted the Strategy of Developing GUAM Sectoral Cooperation that should become a road map for economic, law-enforcement and security, and humanitarian cooperation in the nearest future.

Trade and economic cooperation is carrying out on the basis of the Agreement on Establishing Free Trade Area between the GUUAM Participating States of 20 July 2002 that is added with the Protocol on Temporary Provisions of Determining Country of Origin of Goods of the GUAM Participating States of 22 May 2006

Mutual trade between the GUAM Member States developed dynamically: during 2001-2006 their turnover increased more than 3 times and reached the benchmark of $2 bln., and the first 9 months’ tendency shows that in 2007 it will hit the ceiling of $3 bln. These are only initial results of the GUAM FTA established at the Kyiv Summit in May 2006. During the last two years, GUAM internal trade increased annually more than 40 per cent, thus the target of $10 bln. in the year 2012 seemed realistic.

With the aims to create FTA, eliminate technical barriers in trade, to develop trade and investments providing sustainable economic development of the Member States, integrate and build up economic potential to increase competitiveness of their economies on external markets, and assist the development of productive and scientific-technical cooperation, the following priority areas of economic and trade cooperation have been determined:

  • completing the formation and providing an effective functioning of the GUAM FTA on the basis of GATT/WTO principles without ant exclusions and restrictions;
  • approaching and harmonizing legislation on foreign trade and foreign trade policy as well as its approaching with that one of the EU Internal Market;
  • developing further customs cooperation, including customs policy;
  • liberalizing progressively and creating conditions for free movement of services, capital, and labour;
  • developing specialization and cooperation of production in areas of mutual interest, including those based on establishing international economic management organizations and joint ventures;
  • developing cooperation in economic and budgetary policies, public finances, financial markets, and statistics;
  • developing cooperation in public (state) procurements, intellectual and industrial property rights, competition, industry, research and development, and space;
  • developing cooperation in employment, social policy, public health, and consumers’ protection;
  • developing cooperation in agriculture and fisheries.

Cooperation in sphere of transport is carrying out within the framework of the Working Group on Transport and its four sub-groups on railway, air, road, and water transport as well as the GUAM Trade and Transport Facilitation Project directed at simplification and unification of customs and border procedures, their adaptation to the international standards, and increasing competitiveness of Europe-Caucasus-Central Asia transport corridor. On 19 June 2007, the Members States signed the Agreement between the Governments of the Member States of the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development on International Multimodal Transportation of Goods.

The GUAM Members States consider such perspective projects as the construction (reconstruction) of Baku-Tbilisi-Ahalkalaki-Kars and Baku-Tbilisi-Poti railways together with the creation of ferry line between Poti/Batumi and Kherch within the TRACECA transport corridor; the Poti-Baku-Aktau-Almati container train with a prospect of its continuity to China; the renovation of railway between Basarabiaska (Moldova) and Berezino (Ukraine); the transportation of loads from Ukraine and Moldova to the Persian Gulf and Middle East countries through the territories of Georgia and Azerbaijan.

The aims of transport cooperation are the following:

  • elaborating proposals on how to modify transport policy and harmonise legislation and implementing mechanisms as well as standards and norms that determine the order of function of different types of transport on the territories of the Members States;
  • developing transport infrastructure and creating sustainable network for multimodal transportation;
  • establishing common requirements for transporters and transport operators;
  • determining principles of creating flexible tariff policy;
  • simplifying cross-border procedures in the Member States;
  • participating in elaboration and implementation of joint proposals, projects and programs;
  • developing maritime transport and providing its safety and security;
  • using information technologies in order to increase effectiveness of international railway, road, maritime and air transportation as well as of cross-border and customs procedures;
  • assisting the development of all types of transport communications between the Member States;
  • creating equal competitive conditions for different types of transport;
  • developing international cooperation in transport area and improving coordination between its participants;
  • providing safety of movement, safekeeping of goods, and protection of environment;
  • formatting and conducting agreed scientific-technical policy, including that one in area of ecology and safety of movement.

In sphere of energy there are considered the possibilities of implementing the Eurasian oil and transport corridor (“EANTK”), a concept of Trans-Danube energy-transport bridge, and other projects on energy transportation from the Caspian region to Europe via the territories of the GUAM Members States. The Memorandum on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Nuclear and Radiation Safety Matters between the Governments of the Member States of the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development – GIAM was signed also in Baku on 19 June 2007.

The aims of energy cooperation are the following:

  • developing proposals on optimization of the use and development of existing oil and gas transport routes and other transport infrastructure;
  • determining perspective routes of energy supplies;
  • discussing technological and exploitation aspects related to access to the energy markets;
  • creating programs on providing energy security of the Member States;
  • deepening interaction in developing alternative sources of energy;
  • searching the ways and possibilities to lessen the Member States’ dependence on energy import from the third countries.

In area of civil emergency planning the Agreement between the Governments of the GUUAM Participating States on Cooperation in Early Warning and Liquidation of the Consequences of Civil Emergencies was concluded on 4 July 2003. Now, the work is under way to prepare the first meeting of the GUAM Working Group on Civil Emergency.

The aims of cooperation in civil emergency planning are the following:

  • improving the appropriate legislation in order to develop cooperation between the Member States;
  • creating and improving a system of interaction between the relevant national authorities of the Member States;
  • elaborating and improving the methods and the means directed at preventing and liquidating the consequences of natural and technological civil emergencies;
  • providing mutual support in liquidation of the consequences of natural and technological civil emergencies;
  • providing assistance in organizing operative interaction between the Member States in civil emergency response.

In sphere of culture, science and education there are implemented the Agreement on Cooperation in the Area of Education between the Ministries of Education of the GUUAM Participating States and the Protocol on Cooperation between the Academies of Sciences of the GUUAM Participating States, both of 4 July 2003, as well as the Protocol on Cooperation in Sphere of Culture of the Member States of the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development for 2007-2010 is signed on 19 June 2007.

The Working Group on Culture, Science and Education exchanges with experiences in ensuring protection and use of the objects of historic and cultural heritage as well as discusses the issues on protection of intellectual property rights, cooperation in the area of education and training, mutual recognition of diploma, improvement and development of educational system, and others.

The aims of cooperation in sphere of culture, science and education are the following:

  • strengthening cultural ties in order to preserve and study cultural heritage;
  • assisting in inter-cultural dialogue and developing the cultures of the peoples and ethnic national groups of the GUAM countries living on the territories of each other as well as advancing cultural diversity as one of the foundations of civil society;
  • supporting mutual relations between the youth organizations;
  • strengthening and developing cooperation in education on the principles of independence and integrity of educational systems of the Member States;
  • improving educational process, in particular, with the purpose to develop among the youth the desire for knowledge;
  • making active cooperation in sphere of sciences;
  • elaborating and implementing joint programs and researches;
  • using new forms and directions of cooperation and the experiences of the developed countries in education and in guarding, protecting and using the objects of historical-cultural heritage;
  • implementing the appropriate agreements on cooperation in culture, science and education;
  • improving the appropriate legislation.

In sphere of tourism the parties consider the issues on restoration of complex tourist lines, activating mutual presence of the Member States on their tourist markets, developing and introducing joint tourist products, institutional and legal provision of cooperation in this field in accordance with the standards and norms of the World Tourism Organization, interaction between specialized educational and training institutions, development of tourist infrastructure, creation of a single information system with mutual access to their own information resources in the field of tourism.

The aims of this cooperation are the following:

  • improving tourist policy, harmonizing legislation and mechanisms of its implementation;
  • developing tourist infrastructure;
  • participating in elaboration and implementation of joint proposals, projects and programs;
  • elaborating stable tourist products assisting to lessen poverty, especially, eco-tourist products;
  • developing investment policy in such areas as eco-tourism and agro-tourism as well as joint action plans with the purpose to create favourable investment climate in tourist industry;
  • providing institutionally and legally cooperation in tourism in accordance with the standards and norms of the World Tourist Organization;
  • assisting in developing all forms of tourism and creating equal conditions for competition;
  • conducting joint marketing campaigns related to the main directions of inter-regional tourism;
  • forming a common platform for dialogue between government and private sector, academic institutions, tourist centres, and other interested parties;
  • providing security of the tours and protecting the environment;
  • deepening knowledge about tourism with the purpose to provide its competitiveness and sustainability.

In area of information technology they discuss the issues of developing the information society, providing information security, cooperation in the area of information and communication technologies on the basis of a joint action plan of the GUAM Member States, which is harmonized with the appropriate initiatives of the International Telecommunication Union, World Summit on Information Society, Universal Postal Union and Regional Telecommunication Community, as well as exchange with experiences in introducing e-management and providing telecommunication services, creating state registers and developing state information resources.

The aims of cooperation in this area are the following:

  • improving the appropriate legislation;
  • elaborating and improving the methods and the means directed at the development of information society;
  • implementing joint projects on creating and developing IT infrastructure;
  • developing a distance education;
  • creating and improving system of interaction between the Member States.

Cooperation and operational interaction between the law enforcement authorities are carried on in accordance with the Agreement on Cooperation between the Governments of the GUUAM Participating States in Combating Terrorism, Organized Crime and Other Dangerous Types of Crime of 20 July 2002 and implemented actively within the framework of VLEC and ISIAS projects. The GUAM Members States established their National Inter-Agency Groups (NIAG) and deployed the National Information-Analytic Centers (NIAC). The VLEC Inter-State Expert Commissions devoted to conduct joint GUAM operations carry on their activity within the framework of the appropriate sub-groups under the Working Group on Combating Terrorism, Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking (there are four such sub-groups – on combating drug trafficking, corruption, trafficking in persons and illegal migration, and terrorism).

Thus, in 2006, in the result of Operation “Harmony” there were confiscated 5,3 kg of heroin, 0,5 kg of opium, and 18 kg of marihuana; 22 suspicious persons were detained, and 13 criminal proceeding were instituted. In October 2007, Operation “Narcostop-2007” was successfully conducted, and the Working Sub-Group on Combating Drug Trafficking planed to conduct next year two more operations. Since July 2006, Operation “Chimera” was implemented to combat trade in human beings.

The Member States determined the following aims of cooperation in combating terrorism, organised crime, and drug trafficking:

  • harmonizing and improving legislation;
  • developing projects and measures to create and improve system of interaction between law-enforcement authorities;
  • elaborating and improving the appropriate methods, means and mechanisms;
  • developing analytical aspects of cooperation;
  • providing assistance in organizing operative interaction.

The interaction between the GUAM Member States on the international arena as well as their cooperation with other international organizations and states becomes more active. The list of international organizations, where the interaction between the GUAM Member States is carrying out on the basis of joint working plans of their Permanent Representations to the appropriate international organizations, continues to extend. Today, such an interaction takes place within the UN, OSCE, Council of Europe, EU, EAPC, UNESCO, international organizations in Geneva, BSEC and CIS.

On 4 December 2006, the Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs adopted the Temporary Procedure of Agreeing the GUAM Joint Statements, with which an important mechanism of approaching the positions of the GUAM Members States on international issues was launched. The Member States instructed appropriately their Permanent Representations to the international organizations. One of the examples of the efficiency of this mechanism was the agreement of the GUAM Member States on a draft resolution of the 61st and 62nd sessions of the UN General Assembly “Protracted conflicts in the GUAM area and their consequences for international peace, security and development” and their joint action plan on its advancement.

In total, within the framework of the appropriate international organizations there were declared more than 60 joint statements and addresses on behalf of GUAM on different international issues. The intensification in recent years of this important form of interaction between the GUAM Member States proves the strengthening of their solidarity position and promotes the increase of the authority of the Organization on the international arena.

Relatively new form of interaction between the GUAM Member States is the activity of the “GUAM Clubs” created in the third countries, in particular, in Bucharest, Warsaw, Sofia, Hague, Beijing and Tokyo.

GUAM is an open organization for other states, which share its statutory purposes and principles.

GUAM develops ties and partnership relations with other international organizations and group of countries, including the United States, the Baltic and Vishegrad countries, Japan, and the EU.

Since November 2001, there were already 14 formal meetings in the GUAM – USA format. Recently, there were the meetings in New York on 27 September 2007 at the level of the GUAM Council of Ministers for Foreign Affairs and in Washington, D.C., on 30 October 2007 at the level of the GUAM Council of National Coordinators (the next GUAM – USA meeting was planned on 29-30 November 2007 in Madrid).

In the Joint Statement by the GUAM – U.S. meeting in Baku on 18 June 2007, “the United States reiterated its long-standing support to and interest in GUAM’s further development as regional organization and its active contribution into international affairs” as well as “its commitment to a peaceful settlement of the unresolved conflicts in the region” and “its support for territorial integrity of the GUAM States within their internationally recognized borders”. Inter alia, the parties noted with appreciation the progress achieved in advancing the GUAM – U.S. Framework Program and pledged to reinforce political dialogue and practical cooperation between GUAM and the United States.

On 29-30 October 2007, the first meeting of the Council of National Coordinators with the representatives of U.S. State Department and the U.S. Congress had taken place in Washington. The respective Joint Communiqué was issued. The participants agreed that theses meetings were very useful and contributive to the quality of the GUAM – USA dialogue.

At the Baku Summit of GUAM on 18-19 June 2007, for the first time a traditional partnership between GUAM and Poland was formalized at the highest political level in the Communiqué of the GUAM – Poland meeting of 18 June 2007. As it is said in the document, “Poland expressed its interest in promoting cooperation with GUAM, which has become a durable component of the European political architecture” and “emphasized a special role of GUAM transit corridor bridging Asia and Europe”. The parties outlined energy, transport, tourism and other spheres of their mutual interest as well as agreed to cooperate in the field of training of diplomatic personnel. “Poland has also pledged its backing for the intensification of cooperation between the GUAM Member States and the EU”. The 2nd GUAM-Poland meeting took place on 27 September 2007 in New-York at the level of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs within the framework of the 62nd session of the UN General Assembly.

Besides, this support is constantly provided to GUAM by others its traditional partners among the EU Member States, including Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovakia.

At the Baku GUAM Summit, also for the first time, it was taken the Joint Statement by the GUAM – Japan meeting on 18 June 2007. The document says that “the participants welcomed the first meeting between GUAM and Japan, which share the fundamental values such as democracy, freedom, human rights, the rule of law, including norms and principles of international law, and market economy”. They “expressed their desire to further enhance dialogue between GUAM and Japan and welcomed the “Arc of Freedom and Prosperity”, the new pillar in Japanese diplomacy”. “GUAM expressed its deep interest in investments of the Japanese side in priority areas of cooperation, including energy, transport, in particular corridor Europe – Asia through GUAM, and ecology” as well as “addressed the prospects of their cooperation in various humanitarian areas”. The parties “confirmed their intention to work towards promotion and further improvement of the investment environments”. Taking note of mutual interest in the spheres of energy and ecology, the Japanese already organized in September 2007 a workshop in Tokyo on energy saving technology for officials and researchers of GUAM countries.

The Organization for Democracy and Economic Development is fully responding to the interests of its Member States, because GUAM priorities are based on democracy, respect for human rights, and the rule of law. It provides equality and absolute respect for the interests of every Member State. It strengthens solidarity of the GUAM Member States on the international arena. GUAM is a dynamic and effective regional organization with a substantial potential of cooperation in transport, energy, humanitarian, and security areas.

As it is reconfirmed by the leaders of the GUAM Member States in the Statement of the GUAM Vilnius Summit of 10 October 2007, GUAM remains open for active multi-faceted cooperation based on GUAM principles and values with any European or Asian state or organization. GUAM is strongly determined to contribute actively to the international security and peace in the most effective and appropriate manner. As a natural transportation route connecting Europe and Asia, GUAM will continue to play an increasingly important role in economic development and regional integration, thus bringing continents together.